Lynar Tablatures

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The Lynar tablatures are a collection of manuscripts that are currently held in the Staatsbibliothek, Berlin. It has been interpreted as one of the most important sources for the works of the North-German pupils of Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck.

With a few exceptions, the Lynar Tablatures exclusively transmit keyboard music, mostly for organ. The exceptions are one manuscript which appears to contain an Intabulation of a cantata (see B 10) and another which appears to be transcribed from a psalm part book (C).

The composers who are represented the most within the Lynar tablatures are Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Christian Erbach, and Heinrich Scheidemann. Overtime, many of the other anonymous compositions have been linked to composers based on concordances and stylistic analysis.

The Lynar Tablatures themselves (as well as the pieces within) have been covered in-depth by many musicologists, including Lydia Schierning in her extensive book on manuscripts of german early keyboard music, and Pieter Dirksen in various books and publications.

All of the Lynar Tablatures except B 2 and C 1 are already digitized. However, it appears that B 2 is currently being digitized[as of September, 2023][1].


The first Lynar tablatures that were known to musicologists were the A 1 and A 2 manuscripts. These two manuscripts had copies made of them in the middle of the 19th century. Later in the 19th century both manuscripts went missing (In the 1894 edition of keyboard works of Sweelinck, Max Seiffert could only rely on the 1841 copy). However, the "A" manuscripts were fortunately found in 1920, and around this time the 11 manuscripts in tablature notation were discovered by Rochus Friedrich zu Lynar. All 13 manuscripts were collected and stored in the Spreewald museum in Lübbenau-Lehde. In 1933[3] Max Seiffert inspected the manuscripts and assigned the shelfmarks starting with A (referring to staff notation) and B (tablature notation). The description penciled on the front of each manuscript is written by Seiffert.

The Lynar B collection of tablatures was discovered more recently. They were found during the reorganization of the castle papers for removal to a newly founded city museum in the 1920s. According to Hans Joachim Moser, the first musicologist to see them, they consisted of nothing but a large, disordered pile of paper–partly gathered in bundles, partly consisting of loose sheets and notated in organ tablature.[4]

In 1956, the manuscripts were moved to the Staadtsbibliothek, Berlin, retaining their previous shelfmarks.


According to the Berlin Staatsbibliothek website, the shelfmark for the manuscripts is stylized Ms. Lynar A 1, Ms. Lynar B 2, etc.

The "A" tablatures are in various types of staff notation, and the "B" (and "C") tablatures are in New German Tablature Notation.


Lynar A Tablatures

...the Lynar A manuscripts must be particularly close to Sweelinck's autographs, if not actually copied directly from them–which seems not only to hold for the large collection of Sweelinck pieces themselves (in Lynar A 1) but for much of the remaining content as well, including the large virginalist section in LyA2.[5]

Lynar B Tablatures

Pieter Dirksen[6]

The Lynar B tablatures as a whole must now be seen as a closely connected series of sources which probably actually originated within the North German Sweelinck school, going back directly to one of the North German Sweelinck pupils.[7]

The Lynar B tablatures have proven valuable as a source of works from the North-German Sweelinck school as well as from Sweelinck himself, as thirteen works (including 10 not known from any other source) by him are found within.

Dirksen interprets the 11 "B" tablatures as forming a unified whole because (among other reasons) it can be identified that some of the unknown copyists wrote more than one manuscript each.

As for the originating location of the manuscripts, the area of Gdańsk (german: Danzig) was theorized based on the inclusion of pieces by Paul Siefert and Andreas Neunhaber. Similarly based on circumstantial evidence, the manuscripts can be dated to around the 1620s (even though some pieces within can be dated to later). One date found within the manuscript, 1628, also suggests this.

Dirksen notes that the works by Sweelinck must have been transcribed from Anglo-Dutch staff notation to New German Tablature Notation.


Dirksen, Pieter. The Keyboard Music of Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck: Its Style, Significance and Influence. Muziekhistorische Monografieen, vol. 15. Utrecht: Koninklijke Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis, 1997. ("DirksenSweelinck")

Dirksen, Pieter. Heinrich Scheidemann's Keyboard Music: Transmission, Style and Chronology. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007. ("DirksenScheidemann")

Schierning, Lydia. Die Überlieferung der deutschen Orgel- und Klaviermusik aus der esten Hälfte des 17. Jahrhunderts: Eine quellenkundliche Studie. Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1961.

  1., accessed 24 September, 2023. -> "Online-Zugang": Das Werk, das Sie suchen, befindet sich aktuell in der Digitalisierung.
  2. Schnieders, Hans, "Fingersätze für Tasteninstrumente aus dem Umfeld Sweelincks und seiner Schüler". [1], accessed 15 September, 2023. 2.15 Lynar A1
  3. Seiffert, Max (editor), Sweelinck: Werken voor Orgel en Clavecimbel. Amsterdam: G. Alsbach & Co., 1942. xlvi
  4. Dirksen, Pieter (editor). Psalm Variations from Lynar B 7. Exempla Musica Neerlandica XVIII. Utrecht: Koninklijke Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis, 1996. V
  5. DirksenScheidemann, 144-145.
  6. DirksenScheidemann, 9-10.
  7. Dirksen, Pieter (editor). Psalm Variations from Lynar B 7. Exempla Musica Neerlandica XVIII. Utrecht: Koninklijke Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis, 1996. VIII


Lynar A 1

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar A 1 | Jugendautograph des Hamburger | Organisten Matthias Weckmann | (1620-1674), begonnen 1637 in Ham- | burg. Niederländische Tabulatur auf | 2 x 6 Linien. | Inhalt Kompositionen von | Jan Pieters Sweelinck, Christian | Erbach, Gio. Gabrieli, Peter Philipps, | John Bull, Gilles Farnaby, L. Wood- | sen, La Barre, Gautier, Ballard, | M. Weckmann, Pieter Cornet.
Ms. Lynar A 1: Young autograph by the Hamburg organist Matthias Weckmann (1620-1674), begun in 1637 in Hamburg. Dutch tablature on 2x6 lines. ...

D-B Ms. Lynar A 1 Online facsimile: accessed 15 December, 2023.

Toccata by Sweelinck in Lynar A 1

Ms. Lynar A 1 is a manuscript in Dutch 6-line staff notation. It contains 81 keyboard pieces. It is one of the first manuscripts to be known to early musicologists and has been called "the primary source for the keyboard music of Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck"[1].

Despite going missing in the late 19th century, this manuscript has since been rediscovered.

Actually, the scribe of the manuscript is not Matthias Weckmann (like Max Seiffert said)[2][3].


Max Seiffert said that the scribe of the manuscript was Matthias Weckmann while he was a student of Jakob Praetorius.[4] One possible reason for this is that the manuscript was located in the Hamburg Universitätsbibliothek when it was inspected by him.[5]

However, when comparing this manuscript with the Visby Tablature, which was written in similar circumstances (by Berendt Petri while studying with Jakob Praetorius), the difference in repertoire can be seen. Actually, based on the use of the organ in North-Germany, Jakob Praetorius and his students would only have use for verses and variations on chorales, hymns, magnificats, motet intabulations and short preludiums.[6]. It seems unlikely that J. Praetorius would have changed his teaching (including choice of pieces) and at the same time it would not be usable for his student from Hamburg.[7] For this reason, a North-German origin of this manuscript (under the teaching of Jakob Praetorius) is doubtful.[8]

On the question of proximity to Autographs by Sweelinck, Pieter Dirksen says that the manuscript must have had an origin close to Sweelinck and his school, not only based on the selection of pieces included but also their high copying quality.

The Sweelinck pieces are copied with hardly any mistakes at all, and anyone who has worked with manuscript sources knows how rare such a state of affairs is.[9]

In addition, The scribe apparently had access to an exclusive strain of the Sweelinck transmission,[10] as many high-quality pieces (including Mein junges Leben hat ein End) are included which would surely be copied by other scribes if they had access to them. Also, the staff notation layout (two staves with six lines each) and other aspects of the notation (including the musicality of the two hands over the two staves) suggest a direct connection to Sweelinck autographs.[11]


Contents of D-B Ms. Lynar A 1[12]
Pages Title Incipit Notes Ref.



Schierning, 66-81

DirksenSweelinck, 20-22, 656-658

  1. Dirksen, Pieter (editor). Psalm variations from Lynar B 7. Utrecht: Koninklijke Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis, 1996. Page V.
  2. Schierning, 78
  3. DirksenSweelinck, 21
  4. Schierning, 78
  5. Schierning, 78. Dieses Manuskript war bis zu seiner Vernichtung im letzten Krieg im Besitz der Hamburger Universitätsbibliothek...
  6. Schierning, 79
  7. Schierning, 79
  8. Schierning, 79. Diese Fragen werden kaum zu bejahen sein, somit ist eine norddeutsche Herkunft der Handschrift stark zu bezweifeln
  9. DirksenSweelinck 21.
  10. DirksenSweelinck 22.
  11. DirksenSweelinck 22.
  12. DirksenSweelinck 656-658.

Lynar A 2

Seiffert: Italienisch-niederländische Tabulatur eines | süddeutschen Schreibers um 1610; 2 Systeme | 6 + 7 und 6 + 6 Linien. | Enthält Kompositionen von | Christian Erbach und der Engländer Will. | Byrd, Dr. Bull, Orlando Gibbons, | sowie einige von Gio. Gabrieli und Tarq. | Merula.
Italian-Dutch tablature from south-German scribes from 1610; 2 systems, 6+7 and 6+6 lines. ...

D-B Ms. Lynar A 2 Online facsimile: accessed 15 December, 2023.

A Canzona by Christian Erbach in Lynar A 2

Ms. Lynar A 2 contains 42 Tasteninstrument pieces written in staff notation by Christian Erbach, Giovanni Gabrieli, Tarquinio Merula, William Byrd, John Bull, and Orlando Gibbons. Unlike Lynar A 1, this manuscript doesn't contain any works by Sweelinck.[1]


The manuscript is written by multiple hands in "Italian-Dutch" staff notation. Some pieces are written on two 6-line staves, and some are written on one 6- and one 7-line staff. Each page is 35x24.5cm in size.

In the early 20th century, the first and last pages of the manuscript (probably not written on) were concealed by binding paper for preservation purposes.


Contents of D-B Ms. Lynar A 2
p. Title Incipit Notes Ref.
2-4 Toccata. 2. toni /
Christ: Erbach
5 Toccata. 3 tij /
6 Toccata. 4. tij /
toni /
Christian Erbach
7-8 Fuga j.mj /
toni /
Christian Erbach
8-9 fantasia /
2. dj /
9 Ricercar. 3. tij. /
toni /
Christian Erbach
10 Canzon 4stij Toni Chr. Er.
11-12 Ricercar /
coall /
Quinti toni /
C. E.
12-13 Canzon /
sexti Toni /
C. E.
13-14 Ricercar /
7.mi. Toni /
C. E.
15-16 Canzon /
Octavi Toni /
C. E
16-18 Ricercar.g. /
Tonj /
Johan. Gabriell
19-20 Canzon
21-23 Tacato /
Secundi Tonj /
Dell /
Segnor Torquino /
23-24 Canzon
25-26 Un Cromatico /
ouero Capricio /
dell Signor /
Torquino merula /
primo Tuono per /
Le semituoni
27-28 Intonatione /
Cromatica /
dell 3 /
29-30 Intonaglio Cromatica /
dell /
Quarto Tono
29-30 Praeludium /
primj Tonj
31-32 Intonatio /
Crommatica /
dell /
Nonj Tonj
33-34 Canzon
35-36 Canzon
37-38 Pavan /
sz: ae: mpetze /
William Bÿrde /
39-40 Galiardo /
William Bÿrde
41-42 Galliardo /
Orlando Gibbons
43-44 Pavana. /
The Earle /
of Salisburÿ /
William birde
43-44 Preludium /
Doctor Bull
43-44 Galliardo
43-44 Galiardo Secundo /
Miss Matye Brosonlo /
William Birde
45-46 Preludium /
Orlando Gibbons
47-48 Galliardo /
Orlando Gibbons
49-50 Galliardo /
Orlado Gibbons
Finis Coronat /
O Puc
51-52 Galliardo /
orlando gibbons
53-58 [no title] 13 variations
58 [no title]
59-62 A. Voluntarge /
M. Bird
63-66 Tantasia /
M. Bird



DirksenSweelinck, 20-22, 656-658.

Schierning, 81-84.

  1. DirksenSweelinck 21.

Lynar B 1

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar B 1 | Deutsche Orgeltabulatur vom 1. Drittel | des 17. Jhdt. | Enthält Kompositionen von | J. P. Sweelinck, Paul Siefert, | Andr. Düben, Jak.Prätorius, Peter | Hasse, Gottfr. Scheidt, Samuel Scheidt | W. Karges, D. H. und M. D.
Ms. Lynar B 1; German tablature from the first 3rd of the 17th century. Contains compositions frome Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Paul Siefert, Andreas Düben, Jacob Praetorius, Peter Hasse, Gottfried Scheidt, Samuel Scheidt, Wilhelm Karges, D. H. and M. D.

D-B Ms. Lynar B 1 Online facsimile: accessed 3 November, 2023.

Ms. Lynar B 1 contains 71 pages. Among other things, it contains a compilation of settings of Allein Gott in der Höh sey Ehr by different composers.

Works in D-B Mus. Ms. Lynar B 1
No. Title notes
1 Fantasia Auff die manier von ein Echo. M. J. P. S. Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
2 Puer natusin Bethlehem a Paulus Sivert Paul Siefert
3 Nun komm der Heÿden Heÿlandt Paul Siefert?
4 Nun Lobe meine Seele den Herren Auff 2 Clavir D. H. Düben?
5 Wo Gott der Herr nicht beÿ unß Held auff 2 Clavir Andræ Duben Andreas Düben
6 Allein Gott inn der Höh seÿ Ehr. M. J. P. Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
7 Variatio Bicinium M. J. P. Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
8 Variatio coral in Tenor M. J. P. Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
9 Variatio coral in cantu 4 Vocum M. J. P. Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
10 Variatio Choral in Cantu auff 2 Clavier A. Duben Andreas Düben
11 Variatio choral in Basso A. D. Andreas Düben
12 Variatio Choral in Bass M. Duben Martin Düben
13 Variatio Choral in Baß 3 vocum
14 Varatio
15 Variatio Choral in Tenore 3 vocum P Hassen Petrus Hasse
16 Variatio 3 Vocum Choral in Basso P. Hass Petrus Hasse
17 Var. 12 G. S. Gottfried Scheidt
18 Var. Choral in Cantu auff 2 Clav. G. S. Gottfried Scheidt
19 4 vocum
20 Variatio Zum Alt vndt Tenor muße nur Stimmen von 4 Fuß gezogen werden
21 Variatio Choral in Cantu auf 2 Clav.
22 Variatio Choral in Tenore
23 Allein Gott in der Höh seÿ EHR: S. S. Samuel Scheidt
24 Allein Gott â 3 Vocum Choral in Bass W. Karges Wilhelm Karges
25 Erstanden ist der Heilige Christ M. D. Simpel - Auff 2. Clavir - Choral in Cantu auff 2. Clavier. - Coral in Basso 3. Voc: Martin Düben


Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr

One of the striking features of this manuscript is a cycle of chorale settings of Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr (with continually incrementing variation number), with some attributed to different composers and others left anonymous.

Theories have surrounded the reasoning for these compositions to have been included together. Max Seiffert said that they could have been composed by Sweelinck and his pupils together as one complete work. However, this was rejected by Margarete Reimann, who said that it was simply compiled by someone else, perhaps the scribe of Ms. Lynar B 1. However, Pieter Dirksen states that the true facts may not be so simple. For instance, many of the variations form strong variation cycles themselves, such as the first few variations by Sweelinck. After these, the rest are more reminiscent of contrapuntal excercises, but several of the anonymous variations have stylistic similarities with each other, and it is possible that they were composed by the same person.

It was noted that variation 15 is a transposed copy of variation 7 (this was pointed out by Gisela Gerdes.


Dirksen, Pieter (editor). Orgelmusik av familjen Düben. Stockholm: Runa Nototext, 1996. xxi-xxii.

Beckmann, Klaus, Die Norddeutsche Schule. Teil II: Blütezeit und Verfall. Mainz: Schott, 2009.


Schierning, 32-34

Lynar B 2

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar B 2 | Deutsche Orgeltabulatur ca. 1630 | Darin genannt Melchior Schildt | und J. P. Sweelinck, sonst alles anonyme Stücke
Ms. Lynar B 2; German organ tablature from around 1630. Within it are pieces by Melchior Schildt and Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, the rest anonymous.


Lynar B 2 is a folio volume over 30 pages.

It doesn't contain any clues as to its origin, copyist, or date. Some theories include that it was compiled in North Germany around 1620-1630 or by Melchior Schildt while he was in Copenhagen around 1626-1629. However, different hands can be identified as having copied different pieces in the manuscript, so it may have been compiled over a longer period of time.

The tablature contains only fantasias and chorale/psalm settings. Of the 17 pieces contained within, two are headed by initials which give a hint to the composer. Of the rest, three more can be identified based on concordances with other manuscripts. The composers of these five works are Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Melchior Schildt and Heinrich Scheidemann. The rest of these pieces remain anonymous, but can be attributed to various composers on stylistic grounds.


Works in D-B Ms. Lynar B 2[1]
No. Title notes Incipit Ref.
1 [Fanta]sia [mit B]indungen Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
2 Fantasia A 4 Anonymus: Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
3 fantasia primi Toni A 4 Nun komm der Heiden Heiland
<< \relative g' { g1 g f1*1/4 } \\ \relative g { r2 g bes c d4 } >>
4 ach Gott vom him: mel sieh darein. Heinrich Scheidemann?
<< \relative a' { \key d \minor a1 bes2 a g } \\ \relative a' { r2 a2~ a4 g2 f4~ f ees } >>
5 Herr Christ der Einig Gottes Sohn… M.S Melchior Schildt
6 Wie schön leucht unß der Morgenstern 1 variation
<< \relative f' { f2 c' a f c' } \\ \relative c' { \key f \major r2 c f d c } >>

2 variatio
\relative f' { \key f \major f8 g a bes c4. bes8 a4. g8 }

3 variatio
<< \relative f' { f2 c' } \\ \relative bes { r8 bes a g f f' e d } >>

4 variatio
<< \relative f' { \time 6/4 \key f \major f4 a bes c2. } \\ \relative c' { r2. c4 d e } >>

5 variatio
<< \relative f' { \key f \major \clef bass f2 } \\ \relative f { f16 c' b c bes d c d } >>
7 Nun freut euch lieben Christen gmein 1 variatio
<< \relative f' { f1 f2 a } \\ \relative bes { r4 bes bes c d e f2\laissezVibrer } >>

2 variatio
<< \relative f' { \key f \major r4 f8 g a4 a8 bes } \\ \relative f { f2 f } \\ \relative a { a4 a8 bes c2\laissezVibrer } \\ \relative f  {\clef alto f2 r4 f8 g }>>

3 variatio
\relative bes { \clef alto \key f \major bes1 bes2 d c bes }

4 variatio
<< f'1 \\ \relative bes { \key f \major \clef bass r8 bes a g f ees d c } >>

5 variatio
<< \relative ees' { \key f \major ees8 f16 ees d16 e f d ees8 c'16 bes } \\ \relative c' { c4 bes c } >>
8 psalm 116 J. P. Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
9 O Lux Beata Trinitas:
<< \relative d' { \clef bass d1 c1*1/4 } \\ \relative g { r4 g bes8 a g f ees4 }>>
10 psalm 60 A 2 Anonymus: Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
11 O Gott du unser Vater bist Anonymus: Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck 1 variatio
<< \relative e' { \clef alto e1 e2 d c b } \\ \relative a { R1 a1 a2 g } >>

2 variatio
<<\relative g' { \clef alto \key f \major g1 } \\ \relative g {  r4 g8 a bes g c4}>>

3 variatio
<< \relative d' { \clef alto \key f \major R1 d1 d2 d  } \\ \relative g { g1 g2 g d2. e4 } >>
12 P 23 Mein hütter Undt mein hirtt Anonymus: Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
<< \relative g' { \key f \major g1 g8 a bes a g4 f8 e } \\ \relative g { R1 <g bes d>1 } >>
13 die 10 Gebott Gottes Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck 1 variatio
<< \relative c'' { c1 c2 d } \\ \relative c' { r4 c c d e f4. d8 g4 } >>

2 variatio
<< \relative c'' { c1*5/8 } \\ \relative a' { r8 a16 g f8 e16 d c8 } >>

3 variatio
<< \relative c'' { c1 } \\ \relative c' { c8 <c e>8 8 <d f> <e g> <d f> <c e> <b d> } >>

4 variatio
<< \relative g' { \clef alto r8 g c b a f g e } \\ \relative e { r4 e f e } \\ c'1 >>
14 Es spricht den unweisen Mundt woll Heinrich Scheidemann
15 Fuga Cromatico ex
16 Fantasia A. 2: 3: et 4 Vocum Anonymus: Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
17 Fantasia Super ut re mi A. 3. Vocum

After the publishing of 8 more works in Lynar B 2 by Pieter Dirksen in 1991, two works remain unpublished. The Fuga Cromatico and Fantasia Super ut re mi were described as "a brief composition employing imitation and simple chromatic lines" and "a pedantic, three-part hexachordal settings, in which the sogetto appears in the bass thirteen times in exactly the same form, constantly alternating between entries on c and G" respectively.

The setting of O God die onse Vader bist can for now be securely attributed to Sweelinck on the basis of the cantus firmus being a Dutch psalm in addition to stylistic features. Similarly, the setting of Psalm 23 can also be attributed to him, especially based on the similarities to Sweelinck's composition on Psalm 116 (which can be found in other manuscripts).

Confusingly, the manuscript contains a piece titled "fantasia primi / Toni A 4" which is neither a fantasia nor in the first tone. In fact, it is a chorale setting of Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland.

<< \relative g' { \clef "treble_8" g1 g f bes a g a g2 r4 g bes2 g a4 g f e d e f g a bes c a bes c d2~ d4 cis8 b cis2_"etc." } \\ \relative g { s1*7 g1 g f bes a g a } \\ \\ \relative g { r2 g bes c d4 c bes a g a bes c d e f d e f g2~4 fis8 e fis2 g d d4 c d e f g a g f e d e f g a f g a g f e2 a } >>

It is possible that this heading was written by a different copyist before this work was written at a later date. In any case, this work only uses the first (identical with the last) line of the chorale (which means that this work could be classified as a choral ricercare or choral fugue), and the contrapuntal writing is strikingly plain and schematic. In fact, this piece has been described as containing a "peculiar monothematic compositional technique, which is probably unparalleled in the surviving corpus of seventeenth century choral settings."

According to Pieter Dirksen, the chorale fantasia Ach Gott, vom Himmel sieh' darein stands apart from the other works in Lynar B 2, as it transmits a chorale fantasia in the fully mature form. An attribution to Heinrich Scheidemann is possible. He is the only composer who is known to have composed chorale fantasias before 1650 (actually, this piece was not copied at a later point than the rest of the manuscript, because the same hand can be identified in Lynar B 6 and 7, and the first scribe of the manuscript writes some of the piece). However, this attribution is not secured. Some features which appear in almost all chorale fantasias by Scheidemann such as the simpler 'echo' techniques like monodic right-hand echoes, antiphonal echoes or 'trio echoes', are not found in this work. Also, as shown by Michael Belotti, the practice of showing the Rückpositiv voice in the top line of the manuscript even when it is in the tenor is not found in Scheidemann's music, but it does appear in the Magnificat I. toni by Schildt in the second volume of the Zellerfeld Organ Tablatures.[2]

The setting of O Lux beata Trinitas appears to be a result of the early Sweelinck school based on some sixteenth-note figurations that can be found within it. However, it can not be found to be similar to any single composer on stylistic grounds. The cantus firmus appears in the tenor voice completely un-ornamented in long notes. This arrangement suggests that it can be played in pedal, but the voice rises up to f' which would require a 4-foot stop to be used on an organ with a 27-note pedalboard.


Beckmann, Klaus, Die Norddeutsche Schule. Teil II: Blütezeit und Verfall. Mainz: Schott, 2009.

Dirksen, P., "Eight Chorale Settings by Jan P. Sweelinck and his School", 1991, Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis, Utrecht

Schierning, 32-34


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Dirksen, P., "Eight Chorale Settings by Jan P. Sweelinck and his School", 1991, Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis, Utrecht
  2. DirksenScheidemann 114-115.

Lynar B 3

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar B 3 | Deutsche Orgeltabulatur ca. 1630 | Genannt sind darin: H. Scheide- | mann, J. P. Sweelinck, David Abel, | Andr. Düben, M. D., Peter Hasse, | M. W. C. B. M.
Ms. Lynar B 3. German organ tablature from around 1630. Contains: Heinrich Scheidemann, Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, David Abel, Andreas Düben, M. D., Peter Hasse, M. W. C. B. M.

D-B Ms. Lynar B 3 Online facsimile: accessed 3 November, 2023, mirrored IMSLP554336.

The numbers are penciled in by a librarian (on the bottom right).

Works in Lynar B 3[1]
fol. Title Incipit Notes Ref.
1r [missing] Title is on missing verso side
1r Praeludium Piece continues on missing verso side.
1v-2r Praludium
2v-3r Praludium
3v-4r Praludium
4v-5r Praludium /
5v-6r Vater unser in Himmell /
reich. /
MW. C. B. M.
2 Variation
6v-9r Fantasia /
J. P.
9v-10r Fantasia. /
6 toni.
10v-11r Praludium /
11v-12r Herr Christ /
der einige Got /
tes Sohn.
12v-12ar Praludium
12av-13v Praludium
13v-14r Praludium
14v-15r Praludium /
secundi Toni /
Auf 2 Clavir /
und pedale.
15v-18r Fantasia
18v-20r Vater unser in himmell /
reich Corahll /
in Bas.
2 Vers auf / zwei Clavier / und Pedahll.
Actually by Heinrich Scheidemann
20v-21r O Mensch Be,, /
weine deine /
sünde gros auf. /
2 Clavier der Co,, /
rahll gecolorirett /
M. W. C. B. M.
[23]v-24r Praeludium /
pedaliter /
David Abel.
24v-25r Praludium /
David Abels.
25v-26r Fuga
26v-27r Ricercar /
primi Toni
27v-30r Ricercar /
primi Toni /
ex G.B.moll
30v-31r Praludium /
Ex E. Vel/
a. pedaliter /
A. D. O.
31v-32r Praambulum /
pedaliter /
M. D. O.
32v-33r Praambulum /
33v-34r Praambulum /
34v-35r Praambulum /
pedaliter /
P. H.
35v-36r Praludium /
pedaliter /
M. F. P. S. W.
36v-37r Praludium /
37v-38r Praludium /
M. D. O
38v-39r Praludium /
38v-39r Praludium
38v-39r Praludium /
38v-39r Praludium /
39v- Praludium /



  1., online scan.

Lynar B 4

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar B 4 | Deutsche Orgeltabulatur ca. 1630. | Genannt nur J. P. Sweelinck, | sonst anonyme Stücke.
Ms. Lynar B 4. German organ tablature from around 1630. Containing pieces by only Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, the rest anonymous.

D-B Ms. Lynar B 4 Online facsimile: accessed 3 November, 2023.

The page numbers (instead of folios) have been penciled in by a librarian.


This manuscript contains four pieces:

Contents of D-B Ms. Lynar B 4
Pages Title Incipit Notes Ref.
1-3 In dich hab /
ich gehoffet /
Herr /
auf 2 Clavier /
<< \relative d' { \clef alto \time 4/2 d1 d2 a' e g } \\ \relative d { r2 d2. e4 f g a8 b c d e2.*2/3 } >>
Heinrich Scheidemann
4-9 Jesus Christus /
unser Heylandt /
auf 2 Clavier /
<< \relative a { \clef alto \time 4/2 a1 d d2 cis d a4. b8 c2 c } \\ \relative d { R\breve r1 r2 d a'1 } >>
Heinrich Scheidemann
10-11 Fantasia /
M. J. P.
<< \relative d' { R\breve R\breve r2 d } \\ \relative d' { \clef alto \time 4/2 d1 d2 d c bes a1 g2. a4 } >>
Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
14-17 Fantasia /
A 3 Vocum /
Transpon: per 4 toni
\relative b' { \time 4/2 b1 b2 b a c b4 a g fis }

Only one piece contains an attribution, the initials M. J. P. (=Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck). However, all four pieces can be accounted for based on concordances found elsewhere. The first piece appears in D-Lr Mus.ant.pract. K.N. 208/1 titled In dich hab ich gehoffet H.S.M., linking the piece to Heinrich Scheidemann (WV 8[1]). The second piece is also composed by Scheidemann based on concordances in Zellerfeld Organ Tablatures vol.1 and the Pelplin Tablatures (WV 10).[1] The fourth piece is a transposed parody of the Samuel Scheidt Tabulatura Nova, vol. 2 no.6 (the composer of the parody is unknown).



Schierning, 31.

  1. 1.0 1.1 DirksenScheidemann, xviii.

Lynar B 5

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar B 5 | Deutsche Orgeltabulatur ca. 1630 | Darin 1 Choralbearbeitung von | Jakob Praetorius (unvollständig)
Ms. Lynar B 5. German organ tablature from around 1630. Contains one choral work from Jacob Praetorius (incomplete).

D-B Ms. Lynar B 5 Online facsimile: accessed 3 November, 2023.

The ending of the fragmented Durch Adams fall by Jacob Praetorius

This manuscript contains one piece, a fragment of a Chorale Fantasia Durch Adams Fall ist ganz verderbt auff 3 clavier by Jakob Praetorius. The piece is neatly written in five voices, suggesting that the top voice is to be played on Rückpositiv, the second on Brustwerk, the third and fourth on Organum, and the bottom in Pedal[1].



Schierning, 37-38.

  1. Brieg, Werner (editor). Jacob Praetorius: Choralbearbeitunen für Orgel. Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1974.

Lynar B 6

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar B 6 | Deutsche Orgeltabulatur ca. 1630 | Enthält 1 Toccata von Heinrich | Scheidemann
Ms. Lynar B 6. German organ tablature from around 1630. Contains one toccata by Heinrich Scheidemann.

D-B Ms. Lynar B 6 Online facsimile: accessed 3 November, 2023.

Ms. Lynar B 6 contains a manualiter Toccata auf 2 clavir (WV 43) by Heinrich Scheidemann on 10 pages.

An autograph manuscript of this piece has been discovered in D-W Cod. Guelf. 8 Noviss. 2/o. Besides this, copies are also found in many other manuscripts including the first volume of the Zellerfeld Tablatures, D-W Ms. 227, and various different (corrupted) forms in D-Lr Mus.ant.pract. K.N. 208-1 and 209, and D-B Am.B 340 (the last three manuscripts transmit the piece in a "pedaliter version" and are assigned WV number 43a by Dirksen).

Before the discovery of the Wolfenbuttel manuscript, Breig stated that the copy in Ze 1 is likely the most accurate.



Breig, Werner. Die Orgelwerke von Heinrich Scheidemann. Beihefte zum Archiv für Musikwissenschaft 3. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner, 1967. 87-93, 108.

DirksenScheidemann xvii, 3-5.

Lynar B 7

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar B 7 | Deutsche Orgeltabulatur ca. 1640. | Enthält Psalmen und Choräle, alle anonym
Ms. Lynar B 7. German organ tablature from around 1640. Contains psalms and chorales, all anonymous.

D-B Ms. Lynar B 7 Online facsimile: accessed 3 November, 2023.

The heading to Psalm 100 in Lynar B 7

Ms. Lynar B 7 consists of single- and multi-verse settings of various Genevan psalms and the chorale Erhalt uns, Herr, bei deinem Wort.

This manuscript was published by Pieter Dirksen in 1996.


The header of each piece is stylized by a three-pronged symbol followed by the number of the psalm. Some verses are also marked "3 voci" or "Corall in tenor" for example.


Contents of D-B Ms. Lynar B 7
fol. Title Incipit Notes
1r-2r P 66
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative f' { f1 d2 c f f } \\ \relative f { f1 bes,2 f'~ f4 e d2 } \\ \relative c' { c1 bes2 a c d\laissezVibrer } \\ \relative a { a1 f2 s2 a2 a } >> }

2. V.
{ \time 4/2 \clef bass << \relative f' { f1 d2 c f } \\ \relative f, { r1 r2 f2~ f4 g } \\ \relative f { r2 f2~4 g a2~a4 bes } \\ \relative f { s1 s2 f2~f4 d8 e } >> }
2v-3r P 5
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative d' { \clef alto d2~ d8 e f g a2 b } \\ \relative d { r2 d2~ d4 a'2 gis4 } \\ \relative d' { s1 f4 e e2\laissezVibrer } \\ \relative a { s2 r4 a d c b2 } >> }

2 Vari / in Basso
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative d' { \clef alto r4 d8 e f g a b c4 a d8 c b a } \\ \relative d { d1 a'2 b } >> }

3 V. / im Tenor
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative a' { \clef alto r4 a4. g8 f4 e a4~ a gis } \\ \relative a, { r1 r4 a e'2 } \\ \relative f' { s4 f4. e8 d4 c8 b c d e2 } \\ \relative d { d1 a'2 b } >> }
3v-5r P 116
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative d'' { d1 b2 c d1 } \\ \relative g { g1 g2 e d1 } \\ \relative g' { g1 g2. g4 fis2 g\laissezVibrer } \\ \relative b { b1 d2 c~c b } >> }

2 Vari:
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative d'' { d2~d8 e c d b2 c } \\ \relative a { r1 r2 a8 b g a } \\ \relative g' { r2 g2~g8 a f g e2 } >> }

3. Vari / Corahll in / Tenor
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative g' { r1 g2 e4 fis g2 a } \\ \relative g { r2 g2~4 e2 a4~4 g2 fis4 } \\ \relative d' { d1 b2 c d1 } >> }

4 Variatio / a 4
{ \time 4/2 \clef treble << \relative d'' { r2 d2~4 d c2\laissezVibrer } \\ \relative d' { d1 b2 c } \\ \relative a' { a1 b2 g4 a\laissezVibrer } \\ \relative fis' { fis1 g2 e } >> }
5v-7r P 100
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative a' { a1 b g2 c2*1/4 } \\ \relative a { a1 g g2 c,8 } \\ \relative e' { e1 g d2 g2*1/4 } \\ \relative c' { c1 d b2 e2*1/4 } >> }

[2 V]
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative a' { a2~a8 fis g a b2~ b8 c b a } \\ \relative f { f4 e d2 } \\ \\ \relative f' { r2 d2~  d8 e f d e2\laissezVibrer }>> }

3 variation
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative e' { r4 e f2 d g2~g4 f e2 } \\ \relative d { r2 d~ d e2~ e4 d c2 } \\ \relative a { a1 b g2 c } >> }

[4 V]
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative a' { a1 r2 d~ d4 c b2\laissezVibrer } \\ \relative a, { a2. b4 cis2 d g1 } \\ \relative a { a4 b cis d e2 fis g d } \\ \relative a { s1 a1 b2. a4 } >> }
Written in second hand
6v-7r Erhalt uns /
Herr beij /
deinen wortt
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative g' { r1 g2. a4 bes2 g } \\ \relative g { r1 r1 g2. a4 } \\ \relative c' { c2. d4 ees2 c bes4 a bes c } >> }

2 Variation
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative g' { g1 bes2 g } \\ \relative g, { r1 r4 g bes g } \\ \relative d' { d4 ees d8 ees c4 d1 } \\ \relative g { g4 c b8 c a4 g2 r4 g } >> }

3 Variation
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative g' { g1 bes2*1/2 } \\ \relative ees { ees8 d c b r c b a g2*1/2 } \\ \relative g' { g8 f ees d ees4 d8 c d1*1/4 } \\ \relative d { s1 r8 d16 e  } >> }
Written in second hand
7v-8r P 24
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative d' { d1 a' f g  } \\ \relative a { r1 r2 a2 d a b c\laissezVibrer } >> }

2 V. / a 3
{ \time 4/2 \clef alto << \relative a' { r2 a2~4 b c b a g f e } \\ \relative d { d1 a' f } \\ \\ \relative d' { d2. e4 f2 e f4 e d c } >> }


Dirksen states that the pieces in this manuscript can be conclusively connected with the Netherlands. While such psalm variations (and the psalm melodies themselves) are wholly unknown in Germany, they were abundantly found in the Netherlands, always in variation form (instead of German forms such as the Chorale Fantasia).

According to Dirksen, the five psalm melodies found in Ms. Lynar B 7 were the most popular melodies from the Genevan Psalter during this time period.

The psalm variations are marked by a great unity of style. On the other hand, the setting of Erhalt uns, Herr, bei deinem Wort is found to be slightly more sophisticated, and it has more rhythmic and harmonic variety. The compositions share a number of recurring musical patterns with pieces by Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, but the pieces are too conservative in character to have been composed by him. They were likely written by another composer who lived around the same time. They were probably brought to the German-speaking lands by a student of Sweelinck who copied them into tablature notation.



Dirksen, Pieter (editor). Psalm Variations from Lynar B 7. Exempla Musica Neerlandica XVIII. Utrecht: Koninklijke Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis, 1996.

Lynar B 8

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar B 8 | Deutsche Orgeltabulatur ca. 1630. | darin der Siefertschüler Andreas | Neunaber vertreten
Ms. Lynar B 8. German organ tablature from around 1630, containing Andreas Neunhaber, the student of Siefert.

D-B Ms. Lynar B 8 Online facsimile: accessed 3 November, 2023.

This manuscript contains two pieces, "Ich ruff zu / dir herr / Jesu Christ / auff 2. clavier" and "Alio modo / auff 2. und 3. / Clavir, und auff der / Pedal zu gebrauch: / Anton Neunhaber." These are thought to be two verses of the same piece by Andreas Neunhaber (Max Seiffert made the connection from Anton -> Andreas Neunhaber).


Unlike all of the other Lynar B tablatures, this manuscript splits the octave at 'h' instead of 'c'.

Lydia Schierning said that Neunhaber was only the composer of the second piece and that it is possible the scribe was planning to create a larger compilation of chorale settings on this chorale tune by different composers.

The second piece is in five voices and has detailed manual change indications written into the tablature.[1]


\new Staff \relative a' { \mark "1" \time 4/2 r2 a f4 e8 f g4 f8 g f8 g f e d c d e f16 e f g f g a f g f g a g a bes g a1 }
\new Staff \with { \clef bass } << \relative f { f1 a2 c a bes a e f4 d2 cis4 } \\ \relative d { d1 d2 e f g d c f,4. g8 a2 } >>
\new Staff \relative a' { \mark "2" \time 4/2 r1 r1 r1 a f2 g f8 g e f d g d e }
\new Staff \with { \clef bass } << \relative a { r1 r4 a f g f d f g f2 e d2. e4 a2 bes } \\ \relative a { r4 a f g f d d8 c bes4 a f a8 d bes c a4 d d cis d bes bes c d2 g } >>



Schierning, 39.

  1. Beckmann, K. (editor). 3 Choralbearbeitunten von Anton Neunhaber und Ewald Hintz. Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1974.

Lynar B 9

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar B 9 | Deutsche Orgeltabulatur ca. 1630 | 2 anonyme Praeludien.
Ms. Lynar B 9. German organ tablature from around 1630. Two anonymous preludes.

D-B Ms. Lynar B 9 Online facsimile: accessed 3 November, 2023.

Lynar B 9 contains two preludes on two pages. The title page lists the keys/tonality "A cis" and "F a".

Both preludes were edited by Partitura Organum in 2019.


Both preludes are typical of the north-German präludium.

Some notes are not visible on the edge of the left page.


\new Staff << \relative e'' { \mark "Praeludium 1" e1 f2 e d4 e f2 e1 a,2. 4 a2 d~ d d c2 a4 b } \\ \relative a' { a1 a2 a a1 e2 e~ e4 e e2 f4 g a2~ a a a r2 } >>
\new Staff \with { \clef alto } << \relative cis' { cis1 d2 e f4 e d2 cis2 cis~4 4 2 d4 e f2~ f f e1 } \\ \relative a { a1 a2. 4 a1 a r1 r2 a~a a4 b c a c d } >>
\new Staff \with { \clef bass } \relative a, { \time 4/2 a1 d2 cis d1 a2 a'~ a4 a a2 d,2. e4 f d f g a1 }
\new Staff << \relative c'' { \mark "Praeludium 2" \time 4/2 c1 d4. ees8 d4 c bes2 bes~ bes4 c8 bes a4 g a1 } \\ \relative f' { f1 f f f f4 e8 d c4 d } >>
\new Staff \with { \clef bass } << \relative a { a1 bes2 bes4 c d1 c2. bes4 c2 a4 bes } \\ \relative f { f1 bes, bes4 c d e f1 f } >>


Prelude 1:, 31 October, 2019. (Score) Accessed 14 January, 2023.

Prelude 2:, 5 November, 2019. (Score) Accessed 14 January, 2023.



Schierning, 39.

Lynar B 10

Seiffert: Ms. Lynar B 10 | Deutsche Orgeltabulatur ca. 1640. | Inhalt 1 anonyme Choralbearbeitung
Ms. Lynar B 10. German organ tablature from around 1640. Contains one anonymous choral work.

D-B Ms. Lynar B 10 Online facsimile: accessed 3 November, 2023.

This manuscript contains one piece, anonymous Sei nun wieder zufrieden a 3. The composition ends after the first system on the third page, the final symbol is a cut time signature.

The texture of the piece is very odd compared to all the other pieces contained in the Lynar Tablatures.

\new Staff \with { \clef treble } \relative g' { \time 3/2 \key g \minor g1 a2 bes2 bes c d d r r d d d4. g,8 c2. c4 | bes1 bes2 bes1 a2 bes1 r2 R1. R1. R1. r2 f' ees }
\new Staff \with { \clef treble } \relative g' { \time 3/2 \key g \minor R1. g1 a2 bes2 bes c d bes bes bes a2. a4 bes2. c4 d2 c2 c1 bes2 bes c d2. ees4 c2 bes2 bes r2 R1. r2 d c }
\new Staff \with { \clef bass } \relative g { \time 3/2 \key g \minor g1 f2 ees1 c2 bes1 a4 g f2 g d ees f1 g2. a4 bes2 ees,2 f1 bes2 bes' a g g, a bes bes c d2. ees4 f2 | bes1 c2  }

Actually, it appears that it is an intabulation of a cantata instead of an original organ piece (Scierning says that it seems to have been written for two sopranos and basso continuo).

The title is from Psalm 116, verse 7.



Scierning, 106

Lynar C

Lynar C (also called C 1 or B 11[Citation needed])contains anonymous polyphonic settings of the 150 genevan psalms (actually only 124 settings, because of the reuse of psalm tunes). It is written on 119 sheets in New German Tablature Notation.

The settings are extremely simple. It appears that this was a psalm-book that used privately by people gathered together, who would sing the psalms, or play them on all different instruments, at social gatherings (or it was a copy of this type of book).

The current status of Ms. Lynar C is not clear. It is not found in the [3] database under the shelfmark "Ms. Lynar C" or "Lynar B 11"[1].


Schierning, 106-109.

  1. See [2], accessed 31 October, 2023.